Terpenes have recently gained much attention from customers as the cannabis industry continues to grow. Terpenes, found in the hemp plant alongside cannabinoids, have uniquely beneficial effects and are responsible for the plant’s signature scent and flavor.
Because terpenes offer a new opportunity for businesses to distinguish themselves, you’ll soon see new Delta 8 products with different formulations from different strains and terpenes.
Cannabis-derived terpenes (CDT), botanical-derived terpenes (BDT), and synthetic terpenes are the three main categories of terpenes.
Here, we provide insight into terpenes, their advantages, and a comparison between CDT and BDT so you can choose the best option.
How Are Terpenes Derived?
You can use two distinct methods to derive the terpenes from the plant.
Botanically derived terpene (BDT) products, including Delta 8 BDT carts, contain terpenes extracted from plants other than hemp. The Harbor City Hemp Delta 8 BDT Cartridge is a good example. Each terpene found in hemp also occurs naturally in other plants.
Linalool is one of the most common terpenes in both hemp and lavender. Limonene is another common hemp terpene found plentiful in citrus fruits.
Terpenes extracted from plants other than cannabis can be used to recreate the aroma of the desired cannabis strain. For example, lavender provides linalool, which can be used at the same concentration as the original hemp strain.
Cannabis-derived terpenes (CDT) are taken from raw hemp. For instance, the manufacturer would start with a specific strain of hemp and extract the terpenes from the plant. By doing so, they may ensure that the remaining profile is representative of the strain as it occurs in nature.
To better understand what each may offer, let’s compare BDT and CDT.
Interested in CDT Delta 8 carts? Check out Harbor City Hemp Delta 8 CDT Cartridge (Steam Distilled Terpenes).
What Are Cannabis Terpenes and What Do They Do?
Most people can detect the distinctively skunky, musky, and strong odor of cannabis before they even see it. Cannabis gets its aroma and flavor from aromatic molecules called terpenes, which also determine the scent of many other flowers and herbs.
There are more than 150 unique terpenes in cannabis. Most terpenes are only present in trace concentrations. Still, the stronger ones work together to give different cannabis strains their distinctive aromas.
For example, sour Diesel’s terpene profile reveals a powerful, gassy scent. In contrast, Cherry Pie brings to mind the delicious aroma of a warm slice of sweet and sour cherry pie.
Terpenes give cannabis its distinctive aromas but also serve many other purposes for the plant. As a result, they can have a wide range of effects on users.
Where Do Terpenes Come From?
Terpenes are organic substances that are present in the trichomes of female cannabis plants. Trichomes are translucent, sticky appendages on leaves, stems, and the surface of buds. More importantly, trichomes are resin glands that produce terpenes.
Terpenes are essential to the development and survival of a cannabis plant. These organic substances enhance the color and pigmentation of the leaves and buds, which contribute to the plant’s attraction to some animals while repelling possibly dangerous ones.
The terpene geraniol, for instance, deters insects and herbivorous animals from eating cannabis. Other terpenes, such as linalool and terpinolene, draw insects and other small animals that can aid in the spread of pollen.
These aromatic chemicals also boost the plants’ immune systems by:
- Providing environmental information
- Shielding plants from infections and stresses
- Helping initiate immune responses.
Many factors can influence the number of terpenes a cannabis plant generates. Many elements can affect terpene levels, including whether the plant grows outdoors or indoors, light exposure, temperature, nutrient levels, etc.
The usual methods of cannabis extraction sometimes result in the loss of many terpenes because they are volatile molecules. However, more sensitive extraction techniques, including live resin, are becoming more popular as people become more aware of the potential of terpenes.
Live resin is extracted from freshly frozen cannabis plants while still being frozen, protecting the plant’s terpenes and other volatile ingredients for a more aromatic and tasty high.
How Do Terpenes Affect the Body?
We have been aware for a long time that terpenes have aromatic properties. Terpenes have a variety of attractive fragrances that humans have long used to produce essential oils for purposes like aromatherapy.
Anyone who has applied linalool-containing lavender oil behind their ears, for instance, is aware of its potential relaxation benefits. In addition, the terpenes in some cannabis strains can also enhance the effects of cannabinoids.
Terpenes, however, seem to have effects beyond those that make people feel good and reduce stress. As a result, terpenes have been recognized as a promising area of research for medical cannabis.
Until recently, cannabinoids such as THC and CBD were almost exclusively studied for their therapeutic benefits. Still, as our knowledge of terpenes deepens, it is becoming clear that these fragrant chemicals are also potent medicinal compounds.
Each terpene possesses a unique blend of healing qualities. Unsurprisingly, some of the impacts terpenes have on people are similar to how they work in cannabis and other plants, such as assisting in the defense against infections and pathogens.
The Healing Benefits of Terpenes
Terpenes have been linked to many therapeutic advantages in vitro (in test tubes) and preclinical animal investigations. However, we should mention that terpene research is still in its early stages and hasn’t been widely carried out on humans. Therefore, further study is required to strengthen our comprehension of these chemicals.
New antiviral chemicals are constantly being sought after by scientists. Various terpenes, such as alpha and beta-pinene, caryophyllene, camphor, and carvone, may have potent antiviral effects.
Cancer Fighting Properties
Some terpenes, including those in cannabis, have anticancer properties that can hinder the development or activity of cancer cells.
Limonene may be a noteworthy anticancer and antitumor agent, along with other terpenes like pinene, camphor, terpinene, and beta-myrcene.
25% of antidepressant medications are made with terpene-rich plant extracts. Among the several plant extracts utilized in antidepressant drugs are linalool and beta-pinene.
Numerous terpenes have the potential to inhibit a potentially hazardous bacteria in its tracks or exhibit antimicrobial action. For example, alpha-bisabolol, geraniol, menthol, eucalyptol, and terpinolene are terpenes that may aid in killing or stopping the spread of microbes.
Some cannabis terpenes have been shown to have a pain-relieving effect, similar to cannabinoids. In 2021, researchers found that when cannabinoids and terpenes were used together, terpenes enhanced pain relief without a rise in adverse effects (the entourage effect).
Humulene, geraniol, linalool, and pinene are all terpenes that promise as potential pain relievers. Interestingly, the research mentioned above also discovered that these terpenes stimulate CB1 receptors, which are located throughout the body and are a part of the endocannabinoid system, both of which have a role in influencing pain perception.
Terpenes Can Enhance Cannabis’ Effects
The entourage effect is an emerging theory that says all plant compounds in cannabis function together synergistically. By contrast, a unique synergy is created when cannabinoids and terpenes are taken together rather than separately.
Terpenes, for instance, seem to impact how THC and CBD act within the body. In a 2018 review, people with epilepsy who took full-spectrum CBD extract reported better outcomes and fewer side effects than those taking CBD isolate.
It’s essential to note that there is still much to learn about terpenes and how they interact with cannabinoids, flavonoids, and other terpenes found in cannabis. Furthermore, most of our research is based on test-tube or animal models.
Nevertheless, some intriguing results have emerged from the increased therapeutic interest in these aromatic molecules.
The Top Three Terpenes Found in Cannabis
Here, we are going to learn more about the top three terpenes in the hemp plant.
Myrcene or caryophyllene is found in the majority of cannabis strains. Herbaceous, spicy, earthy, and musky fragrance characteristics have been attributed to terpene myrcene, which is also abundant in hops and lemongrass. Cannabis has a somewhat sweet flavor profile, thanks to myrcene. This terpene is also found in mangoes.
Myrcene not only contributes to the distinctive aroma of cannabis but also has anti-inflammatory properties. According to a 2015 study using cultured cells, myrcene could successfully lessen osteoarthritis-related inflammation.
Additionally, the terpene appeared to aid in preventing cartilage cell degeneration, slowing the course of osteoarthritis, and reducing the formation of some inflammatory cells created by the body. In the future, myrcene might be used to treat anti-inflammatory conditions and their signs and symptoms.
Some cannabis strains have a spicy, peppery flavor because of caryophyllene, commonly known as beta-caryophyllene or -caryophyllene. Other plants that contain caryophyllene include cloves, rosemary, oregano, and black pepper.
Caryophyllene is the only terpene in cannabis that has been proven to bind to the CB2 receptor in the body’s immune system. Therefore, caryophyllene is sometimes categorized as an atypical cannabinoid because of this particular effect.
According to studies on caryophyllene’s medicinal effects, it may be able to reduce symptoms in a wide range of disorders, including colitis, diabetes, cerebral ischemia, anxiety and depression, liver fibrosis, and diseases that resemble Alzheimer’s.
Limonene’s name gives away the odors. This terpene is known for clean, fresh, uplifting citrusy scents. Ginger and citrus fruit rinds contain limonene, a terpene prevalent in many cannabis strains with fruity, fresh aromas like Papaya Punch and Black Cherry Soda.
Limonene appears to change the behavior of some immune cells in the body, which could defend against various diseases. For example, in one study, limonene promoted the growth of bone marrow and spleen antibody-producing cells, which the immune system uses to detect and destroy harmful bacteria and viruses.
Recent research has confirmed that Covid-19 therapies may benefit from limonene’s distinctive therapeutic profile.
CDT vs. BDT Which One Is Better?
Most people do not perceive a difference in impact between terpenes produced from hemp and other plants.
Everything depends on your preferences and what works best for you personally. Some individuals love CDT terpenes due to the earthy, grassy, and natural taste of hemp flowers. Additionally, CDT is typically softer. Depending on your choice, BDT tends to be a bit sweeter. Still, it also is easily accessible and less expensive.
The “entourage” effect is the only critical difference that has been made between CDT vs. BDT.
Botanically Derived Terpenes May Be More Cost-Effective
Terpenes extracted from other plants are less expensive for the manufacturer than their cannabis counterparts. For example, a significant amount of hemp plant material is required to extract caryophyllene from the hemp plant.
Why? It is mainly because it is not hemp’s most abundant chemical component. On the other hand, caryophyllene is found in rosemary in very high concentrations. This indicates that the manufacturer can produce the ideal quantity of this terpene using a lower amount of raw plant material.
The Entourage Effect May Be More Prevalent With CDT
Even though it hasn’t been proven, the terpene diversity of cannabis-derived terpenes is likely higher. Over 100 terpenes can be found in hemp.
Some people think that when a business employs terpenes extracted from plants, they only get the most noticeable ones. As a result, we may safely disregard the ones found in extremely low concentrations.
However, they believe that the trace terpenes present in a strain also play a significant role in determining its unique characteristics.
Due to the possibility of greater terpene diversity in cannabis-derived terpenes, advocates of CDT terpenes believe that only this approach permits the actual entourage effect.
Moreover, some argue that cannabis-derived terpenes are more likely to enhance the flavor and aroma of cannabis. However, it is also yet to be proven.
Harbor City Hemp Discount Program
At Harbor City Hemp, we are pleased to offer our customers a discount of up to 30% on all products that qualify for the promotion. Check out our website to see whether you are qualified for our discount program, and if you are, fill out the request form on our site. If you have further queries, be sure to contact us.
We are always happy to help.
If you have read this far, you now understand the distinction between CDT vs. BDT and what terpenes do. We love the idea of keeping all the terpenes exclusively extracted from cannabis. Cannabis-derived terpenes may be more expensive, but they may also provide more benefits, such as the entourage effect. Get yours now at Harbor City Hemp Cartridges.
However, we also like to use a combination of terpenes from different plants. BDT reduces the ultimate price of our products without sacrificing quality or usefulness.
In the end, it is all up to you. Check our CDT Products (Harbor City Hemp Delta 8 CDT Cartridge (CO₂ Extracted Terpenes) and BDT Products (Harbor City Hemp HHC BDT Cartridge).
Remember, use caution around any business that claims to have 100 percent CDT carts. Always verify these claims. Double-check the results of independent lab tests to be sure the terpenes a manufacturer claims to have included in their product are indeed there.
What Does CDT Mean in Delta 8?
Terpenes derived from cannabis are called CDT terpenes. The tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) distillate in Delta 8 THC cartridges generates the desired effects. However, it also contains terpenes from cannabis and not from other plants.
What’s the Difference Between CDT and BDT?
CDT is extracted from cannabis, while BDT is extracted from other plants besides cannabis. BDT products are less expensive. However, some believe CDT terpenes offer a better buzz because of their richer flavor and the entourage effect.
Are Synthetic Terpenes Safe?
It is safe to use synthetic terpenes from a reputable manufacturer. However, double-checking the results of independent lab tests before ordering them is always a good idea.
Can You Overdose on Terpenes?
It may be possible to overdose on marijuana compounds, including its terpenes. An overdose on marijuana may be dangerous but not usually fatal. Most patients fully recover without lasting effects.